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Battle Timeline

Historical Recount

Photo Gallery




 Bibliographical References


Berton, Pierre. Marching As to War: Canada’s Turbulent Years, 1899-1953. Canada: Anchor Canada, 2001.


CMHQ Historical Officers Report: Report NO. 129. Canadian Operations in Italy, September to December 1943, Preliminary Report. Department of National Defence. Full text available at


CBC News In-depth: Ortona.


Granatstein, J.L. and Desmond Morton. Canada and the Two World Wars. Toronto: Key Porter Books Ltd., 2003.


Granatstein, J.L. Canada’s Army: Waging War and Keeping the Peace. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2002.


Lotz, Jim. A Century of Service. Halifax: The Nova Scotia International Tattoo Society, 2000.


Morton, Desmond. A Military History of Canada: From Champlain to Kosovo. Toronto: McClelland & Stewart Inc., 1999.


Photo Credits


Photos featured in the Photo Gallery of this site are taken from the Department of Veterans Affairs (Canada) and the National Archives of Canada.


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